Individuals who attended aboriginal residential schools and whose experiences included removal from their homes in order to be sent to distant schools, the systemic loss of language and culture, and in some cases, physical and sexual abuse. Residential schools were generally funded by the government of Canada and operated by established churches.
Individuals age 18 and older who have been subjected to a persistent pattern behaviour in which one intimate partner uses physical violence, coercion, threats, intimidation, isolation and emotional, sexual, or economic abuse to control the other partner in a relationship. Stalking or other harassing behaviour is often an integral part of the pattern. Abusers may include caregivers, spouses, intimate partners or other family members.
Individuals younger than age 18 who have been subjected to a persistent pattern of violence and/or neglect which may include emotional abuse, emotional deprivation, physical abuse and corporal punishment that results in a traumatic condition, physical neglect and/or inadequate supervision, and/or sexual abuse or exploitation.
Individuals who have been seriously or fatally injured as the result of an unplanned and unforeseen event or condition which has occurred as a result of their own or another's ignorance, negligence, lack of awareness or other circumstances which were beyond their control.
Individuals, generally children, who have been subjected to physical, verbal or psychological abuse that involves intentional, repeated, hurtful acts such as name-calling, threatening or shunning inflicted by one or more persons whose power may come from physical strength, age, financial status, popularity, social status or by association (the people they know, who they hang out with, who their family is). Harmful bullying can also occur quietly and covertly, through gossip or postings on the Internet; and while most frequently occurring at school, can also happen in the workplace or other settings.
Individuals who have suffered injury or loss of property because of the illegal actions of another.
Individuals who have been traumatized by having seen a crime or having to participate in the criminal justice process.
Civilians who have suffered an injury, loss of a family member, or damage to or destruction of their homes because of war.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.