[ Browse by Service Category : Target Populations : Sub-Topics of Religious Groups/Communities (187) ]

Baha'i Community

Individuals who follow the doctrines and practices of the sect founded in Iran that emphasizes the spiritual unity of mankind, affirms the equality of men and women, urges the abandonment of all forms of prejudice, supports the elimination of extremes of poverty and wealth, recognizes the unity and relativity of religious truth, asserts that true religion is in a harmony with reason and the pursuit of scientific knowledge, emphasizes the responsibility of all persons to independently search for the truth, and advocates peace and universal education.

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Buddhist Community

Followers of the religion of eastern and central Asia that is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha which stress that suffering is inherent in life and that one can achieve nirvana (release from suffering) through mental and moral self-purification.

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Christian Community

Any of a group of religious faiths that are based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as described in the New Testament of the Bible.

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Hindu Community

Followers of the religious philosophy that originated on the Indian subcontinent which is marked by an outlook that views all forms and theories as aspects of one eternal being and truth; a belief in ahimsa, karma, dharma, samsara and moksha; and the practice of the way of works, the way of knowledge and the way of devotion as the means of release from the rounds of rebirths.

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Jewish Community

Followers of the Jewish faith (Judaism), or people who identify themselves as Jewish either through descent or personal decision. Judaism reflects a belief in a single God who created the universe and continues to be involved in its governance. According to traditional Jewish belief, God established a covenant with the Jewish people, and revealed his laws and commandments to them in the form of the Torah. The practice of Judaism is devoted to the study and observance of the laws and commandments, as written in the Torah.

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Muslim Community

Followers of Islam, the religious faith and cultural system that is based on the belief in Allah as the sole deity, in Muhammad as the prophet of Allah and in the Koran as the revelation of Allah to Muhammad and the divinely authorized basis for the religious, social, civil, commercial and legal regulations of the Islamic world.

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Sikh Community

Followers of the monotheistic religion founded in the Punjabi region of India by a Hindu under Islamic influence which is characterized by its worship of one deity, its rejection of caste and idolatry, its allegiance to sacred scriptures and its witness to a line of 10 personal gurus who served as personal exemplars and temporal as well as spiritual leaders in the Sikh community between 1500 and 1708.

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The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.


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