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Immigrant/Refugee Shelters

Programs that provide temporary shelter for refugees, refugee claimants and/or other immigrants who have no other housing arrangements. These facilities usually provide health, housing, employment, legal and other settlement services required by refugees.

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Citizenship Records

Programs that maintain copies, and where appropriate, provide access to the official documentation associated with the process of becoming a citizen. Included are declarations of intention to become a citizen, petitions and oaths that document the second step in the citizenship process, and other ancillary documents such as official orders of the court granting or denying citizenship that are sometimes found with citizenship records.

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Citizenship Education

Programs that prepare individuals to take the oath of Canadian citizenship and to exercise the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, in addition to gaining an enhanced understanding of Canadian culture, history, geography and national resources.

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Citizenship Test Preparation

Programs, which may be available via the Internet, that help people who have lived in Canada the requisite period of time prepare for the examination they must pass to become citizens. Practice questions may be available.

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Immigrant/Refugee Employment Programs

Programs that provide comprehensive support services for immigrants and refugees who need assistance to prepare for, find and retain paid employment. Services may include vocational assessment, job search assistance, professional mentoring programs and other levels of initial and ongoing support. The emphasis is on preparing individuals for the expectations of employment in a new country and in particular, to obtain recognition for professional experience secured in another country and to obtain initial work experience in their new country.

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Cultural Transition Facilitation

Programs that help arriving refugees, immigrants and repatriated persons settle and make an adjustment to the traditions, values and lifestyles of their adopted country.

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Immigrant/Refugee Support Groups

Mutual support groups whose members are immigrants, refugees, temporary workers and other newcomers. The groups meet in-person, by telephone or via the Internet; and allow participants to share their experience, strengths and hopes to solve the problems they have in common and to address the cultural transition and quality of life issues that affect them all.

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Cultural Transition Counselling

Programs that provide emotional support, information and guidance in a variety of settings for individuals, often refugees or other immigrants, who are experiencing stress, confusion and other feelings which result from difficulty adjusting to the language, customs, values and other aspects of a culture that is different than their own. Counselling may be available in the individual's primary language.

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Immigrant Rights Groups

Organizations that support the passage and enforcement of laws and other social measures which protect the rights and interests of individuals who have newly arrived in the country or which govern the process by which individuals and families are granted permission to immigrate.

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The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.


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